10 Types of Construction Equipments with Their Uses

Types of Cranes
  • Author: Fazal Umer
  • Posted On: April 28, 2023
  • Updated On: November 4, 2023

Construction equipment plays a crucial role in the construction industry by providing the necessary tools to carry out construction projects.

With the right construction equipment, construction workers can complete their tasks faster and more efficiently while maintaining safety standards.

In the UK, there are different types of construction equipment. An example is the concrete pump that you can get from the concrete pump hire in Essex, widely used in various construction projects. In this article, we will discuss the top 10 types of construction equipment and their uses.


Excavators provide a variety of services on construction sites. Primarily, they are used for excavation and heavy lifting, however, they can also be used for demolition, material handling, and grading tasks. Their large bucket enables them to move through soil, rock, or concrete with ease.

Excavators come in two types: crawler and wheeled. Crawler excavators are better suited for difficult terrain whereas wheeled excavators offer greater mobility on smooth surfaces.


Cranes are large machines used to lift heavy loads and materials above ground. They come in different types, such as tower cranes, mobile cranes, and overhead cranes.

They are used in construction sites to hoist steel, concrete, and other materials to heights unreachable by other construction equipment. Their telescopic arm enables them to reach the required height and distance safely.


Bulldozers are powerful machines designed for construction purposes. Their main use is to move earth, sand, and debris. Common applications include leveling surfaces for foundation building and clearing land for development. Bulldozers are equipped with a wide blade in front that is highly effective for pushing large amounts of soil or debris at once.


Loaders are construction equipment machines used to move materials from one place to another. They come in different types such as skid steer loaders, wheel loaders, and backhoe loaders. They are used in various applications such as snow removal, landscaping, and excavation.

In places like Alberta, where snow removal is a significant concern, the demand for wheel loader rental is high as these machines are essential for efficiently clearing snow from roadways and parking lots.


Forklifts are a type of machine used in construction sites to move, transport and lift goods or materials. Not only do they help save time and manpower, but they also come in various models depending on the nature of the project — electric-operated, gas-powered or diesel machines.

Forklifts are also able to quickly move items from one area to another, such as floors and shelves located in different parts of a building.

Concrete Pumps

Concrete pumps are essential for the UK construction industry; businesses and residences can benefit from their use. Not only do concrete pump offer higher productivity rates, but labor expenses are reduced significantly as well. 

When it comes to high-rise buildings or bridge works, this equipment helps minimize any potential damage due to its ability to transport liquid concrete various storeys high.

At the heart of modern construction projects, concrete pump hire in Essex firms play a critical role in ensuring a successful end result.

Backhoe Loaders

Backhoe loaders are multipurpose pieces of machinery found in the construction industry. Combining functions from both a loader and a backhoe, they can be used for site preparation, digging trenches, transporting dirt, and excavating soil. This heavy equipment has wide-ranging applications and is highly efficient at its job.

Pavers and road rollers

Pavers and road rollers are construction machines used in road construction projects. Pavers are used to lay down asphalt and other road surfaces evenly. On the other hand, road rollers are used to compress and flatten road surfaces to make them firm and even.

Demolition equipment

Demolition equipment is used in construction projects to destroy structures and buildings. Demolition equipment comes in different types such as wrecking balls, bulldozers, and explosives.

Drilling and piling equipment

Drilling and piling equipment are essential for construction work, providing a secure foundation for structures. From drill rigs to pile drivers, there are many types of drilling and piling tools available today. These tools allow us to do deep excavation below the surface, forming the basis of our many construction projects.

In Summary

Construction equipment is essential for the successful completion of projects in the UK. The right tools depend on project scale, size, and terrain; these are only some examples of commonly used items. Utilizing such machines increases the efficiency, speed, and safety of construction jobs. Appropriate training and certification help ensure that personnel can use the apparatus properly and effectively.

Avatar photo
Author: Fazal Umer

Fazal is a dedicated industry expert in the field of civil engineering. As an Editor at ConstructionHow, he leverages his experience as a civil engineer to enrich the readers looking to learn a thing or two in detail in the respective field. Over the years he has provided written verdicts to publications and exhibited a deep-seated value in providing informative pieces on infrastructure, construction, and design.