Common Causes of Personal Injuries in the Construction Industry

  • Author: Fazal Umer
  • Posted On: December 15, 2023
  • Updated On: December 15, 2023

The construction industry is rife with hazards that lead to debilitating or even fatal injuries. With 21% of all occupational deaths occurring in construction, it is clear that safety needs to be a top priority for firms and workers in this sector. This article analyzes the prevalent causes of personal injuries in construction and provides recommendations for improving safety.

Overview of Construction Industry Risks

Working in construction exposes individuals to daily hazards, including dangerous equipment, fall risks, structural collapses, vehicle accidents, electric shocks, and other high-risk situations. The prevalence of these risks leads to elevated rates of accidents and injuries in the industry.

Many of these incidents occur due to preventable circumstances, highlighting significant room for improvement in safety protocols and training. Addressing the common causes of injuries is the first step to creating safer job sites and reducing harm to workers.

Whether you’ve been involved in a car accident, a slip and fall, or another incident causing harm, in the bustling construction industry around Myrtle Beach, having a dedicated Myrtle Beach Personal Injury Attorney is crucial for individuals facing injuries. 

From navigating workers’ compensation claims to pursuing third-party liability cases, these attorneys work tirelessly to ensure that those injured receive the compensation they deserve. Their expertise in both personal injury law and the intricacies of the construction sector makes them invaluable advocates for individuals seeking justice and financial recovery after a construction-related accident.

Inadequate Safety Training and Education

Insufficient safety orientation and a lack of ongoing training are major contributors to construction accidents. 40% of construction injuries result in days away from work, indicating severe harm that proper education may have prevented. Workers who are not informed of best practices for operating equipment, utilizing fall protection, and handling materials are at high risk of injury.

Comprehensive safety programs have been proven to reduce incident rates, and firms implementing such initiatives have witnessed a remarkable 73% improvement in recordable injury rates. Prioritizing education and training is key to equipping workers with the knowledge to stay safe on complex and hazardous construction projects.

Non-Compliance with Safety Regulations 

Ignoring safety rules and regulations results in higher rates of accidents and fatalities. The citation issued by OSHA is for failure to provide fall protection, with falls being the leading cause of construction deaths. Over a third of worker fatalities involve falls from roofs, ladders, scaffolds, and other elevations, despite clear standards for mitigating these risks.

Additionally, common citations include insufficient structural safety measures, inadequate head protection, and neglect of equipment and machinery inspections. Disregarding regulations like these contributes to the alarming occupational death tolls and demonstrates the need for industry-wide commitment to compliance.

Equipment and Machinery Failures  

Even routine construction tasks carry tremendous risk when heavy machinery and power tools are involved. Equipment-related incidents fall within OSHA’s Focus Four violations, contributing to 65.5% of all construction worker deaths. Faulty scaffolding, malfunctioning saws, poorly maintained cranes, and other avoidable issues lead to grave outcomes.

Mandatory inspection checklists, equipment logs, and preventative maintenance schedules help enhance safety. However a lack of oversight and rushed timelines undermine these protocols. Improving working conditions involves both workers and managers emphasizing methodical and attentive equipment handling.

Unsafe Working Conditions  

The fast-paced nature of construction often precipitates the normalization of unsafe working environments. Per OSHA records, 1 in 3 construction worker deaths involve falls from roofs, indicating hazardous site layouts and unprotected elevated worksites. 

Inadequate tagging and fall-arrest systems, unchecked floor openings, cluttered spaces, and missing guardrails reflect the industry’s culture of rushing. While schedules and deadlines are unavoidable, ensuring fundamental worker safety through appropriate site protections must take precedence. 

Falls from Heights

Workplace falls constitute over 35% of fatalities in the construction industry, making them the leading cause of death. Drops from roofs, scaffolding, and ladders usually occur when safety harnesses and guardrails are absent. Strict enforcement of proper fall protection equipment can reduce morbidity.

Besides, falls from elevation, slips, and trips at ground level result in frequent injuries. Housekeeping to clear clutter and spills on access paths supplements fall-arrest and prevention systems to minimize harm from falls of all types.

Electrical Hazards  

Construction sites contain live wires, temporary power supplies, and high-voltage equipment that pose major risks to workers. Fatal electrocutions account for 7.6% of construction deaths, while non-fatal shocks also harm thousands each year.

Inspections by qualified electricians, the use of proper PPE, and automated protection measures like current limiting devices and residual interruption circuits can mitigate risks. But when tools, machinery, or extension cords have exposed conductors, it takes one incidental contact to endanger life.

Structural Collapses and Failures  

Engineered structures put workers’ lives at risk when standards are disregarded. Struck-by incidents constitute 17% of construction deaths; most involve structural components like concrete panels or scaffolding falling from overhead. Other structural accidents include trench collapses, unstable soil conditions for excavations and retaining walls, and lift-slab or precast erections gone wrong. 

Strict regulatory compliance, proper use of trench shields and slope protection, adequate rebar reinforcements, and frequent geotechnical inspections are essential for safety. Yet construction urgency jeopardizes engineering best practices, undermining structural stability to cut costs.

Chemical and Material Hazards  

Construction workers handle thousands of hazardous substances daily, including resins, concrete, insulation, paints, and industrial solvents. Chronic exposure leads to impaired lung function, chemical burns, skin disorders, and long-term issues like asbestos-induced mesothelioma.

About 56% of construction workers have hearing impairment by retirement age due to constant loud-noise exposure. Moreover, material spills result in explosion hazards, unpredictable chemical reactions, and fire risks, further endangering workers.

Adherence to MSIOH guidelines on using the least toxic materials, compulsory PPE, frequent air quality monitoring, noise level maintenance, and special handler training for risky chemicals are essential for health and safety. However impractical schedules often override safety protocols for cost and time savings.  

Psychological Impact of Construction Accidents

The trauma of experiencing or witnessing construction accidents leads to tremendous psychological distress for many workers. Data shows that 20% of male suicides in certain U.S. states occur in the construction and extraction industry—a sobering reflection of unaddressed mental health issues.

Connecting workers to counseling services, rehabilitation programs, medical leave, financial help, and legal support proves essential. Anti-retaliation policies also encourage reporting unsafe conditions or near-miss events to improve prevention while supporting victimized employees. But, acknowledgment and discussion of mental health remain taboo, undermining employee well-being.

Preventative Measures and Best Practices  

Knowledge is power when battling construction risks. Firms adopting safety programs report 73% lower recordable injury rates, clear evidence of education’s injury prevention potential. Rather than reactive measures once harm occurs, organizations must champion proactive means like:

  • Mandatory certification training on equipment and tool handling
  • Stringent enforcement of OSHA safety standards via inspections and fines  
  • Rigorous incident documentation and root cause analysis
  • Regular safety meetings and continuous evaluation of new risks
  • Incentives and culture building to encourage safety inputs  
  • Technology adoption such as proximity sensors, remote operation capabilities, and operator assistance through equipment automation and AI.

But, firms focused on performance metrics like speed, deadlines, and budgets often undermine safety in the process. Thus, fundamental cultural change emphasizing safety as the top priority proves essential to preventing profit motives from overriding construction risk management.


In an industry fraught with known hazards, acceptance of high injury rates is unacceptable; safety must take center stage to protect construction crews. WorkersUnited calls for contractors nationwide to address the key causes of accidents highlighted here via the 10-point Construction Safety Initiative and the built-in shield safety pledge program. 

We equip partner firms with on-demand training modules, site audit checklists, dedicated safety personnel, regulatory insights to establish compliant job sites, automated proximity monitoring for equipment, checklist standardization, and more. Let us reform the safety culture. Reach out today to get started.


What are the most effective measures to prevent falls on construction sites?

Compulsory fall protection consisting of approved harnesses, lanyards, self-retracting lifelines, and anchor points should be enforced for work at elevation. Back-up belay systems, safety netting, designated ground guides for spotting, and controlled access zones can further mitigate risks.

How can construction companies ensure compliance with safety regulations? 

Documented protocol enforcement via manager and worker training combined with external audits by approved inspection agencies helps ensure regulatory obligations are met to prevent fines, legal liabilities, and more tragedies due to non-compliance. 

What steps should a worker take immediately after an injury on a construction site?

Seek emergency help, administer first aid if trained, photograph injury circumstances, report to site safety representative according to protocol, disclose the incident to medical professionals, capture all accident records, notify family, and consider both workman’s compensation and personal injury law support.

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Author: Fazal Umer

Fazal is a dedicated industry expert in the field of civil engineering. As an Editor at ConstructionHow, he leverages his experience as a civil engineer to enrich the readers looking to learn a thing or two in detail in the respective field. Over the years he has provided written verdicts to publications and exhibited a deep-seated value in providing informative pieces on infrastructure, construction, and design.